Student faces extradition to US over TV website
A British student is facing extradition to the United States and up to five years in jail for running a website that offered links to pirated films and television shows.

Telegraph | 17 June 17, 2011
By Christopher Williams, and Andy Bloxham

Richard O’Dwyer, 23, a computer science undergraduate at Sheffield Hallam University, is accused of criminal copyright infringement by US authorities.

The case comes amid deepening concern over Britain’s extradition treaty with the United States, which allows suspects to be handed over without the courts considering the evidence. A Home Office review was started in September in response to the outcry over the attempted extradition of Gary McKinnon, a computer expert with Asperger’s syndrome who hacked into Pentagon systems to look for UFO technology.

Mr O’Dwyer appeared at a preliminary hearing at Westminster Magistrates’ Court this week. Until last November he ran TVShack, a popular website offering lists of links to other websites that carried unlawful copies of the latest Hollywood blockbusters and television hits such as The Hangover and Lost.

Mr O’Dwyer’s mother Julia, from Chesterfield, said her “quiet” son was initially arrested and questioned last November, when police officers arrived unannounced at his student accommodation with two US agents from the Immigration and Customs Enforcement department.

He answered bail on May 23, when new charges were laid. Before his family could pay the £3,000 bail, he was handcuffed and spent a night in Wandsworth prison.

Mrs O’Dwyer, a nurse to terminally ill children, said her son had been “foolish” not to understand the implications of copyright. “If Richard has done something wrong it is right it is dealt with,” she said. “But it doesn’t seem right that Richard, who hasn’t been to America since he was five years old, should be taken there. No one would be able to visit him and he could be waiting in prison for a couple of years before his case is even heard. He should be tried here.”

Mr O’Dwyer is opposing extradition and his legal team will argue that any criminal prosecution should brought in Britain, as TVShack was not hosted on American servers.

Ben Cooper, Mr O’Dwyer’s barrister, told the court: “The server was not based in the US at all. Mr O’Dwyer did not have copyrighted material on his website; he simply provided a link. The essential contention is that the correct forum for this trial is in fact here in Britain, where he was at all times.”

US Immigration and Customs Enforcement seized the web address last July. Mr O’Dwyer moved it to, but in November that address was also seized. His mother said he shut down the site after being contacted by police.

The website is now host to an official warning against copyright infringement.

The extradition treaty has been criticised as unfair because British prosecutors do have to put their evidence to an American court. A parliamentary review is due to report next week.

Mrs O’Dwyer added: “They should stop any extraditions to the US until they have finished reviewing the act.”